Connect with us

History

Who is Khayzuran – The First Woman to rule in Islamic History.

Published

on


Born in Yemen, Khayzuran was captured as a slave and brought to the palace of Caliph al-Mahdi in Baghdad, the seat of the Abbasid Empire that ruled the Islamic world from the 8th century until 1258, when the Mongols conquered the city. If you don’t know much about Baghdad other than what you’ve heard on the news in recent years, wipe your mind free of those perceptions and begin again in the year 775, as al-Mahdi came to power, the third Abbasid caliph.

Baghdad in this time, and for centuries after, was lit.’ Well-regulated markets offered trade from India, China, and basically everywhere else. People came from all over and shared scientific and literary knowledge. Baghdad has from its start been book-obsessed. Educated Baghdadi citizens frequented libraries and bookstores and read works from around the world translated to Arabic in one of the translation schools of the city.

Listen and download Nigeria Before 1999 by Living Soul

Listen and download Irene Ministry Divine Hour of Visitation

Ads

Now forget what you think you know about harems. If you have vague memories of the word or paintings of women lolling about half-naked, know that these images come from the minds of horny white European men, the kind of men who nowadays visit a Middle Eastern country for a week and thenceforth hold court in all social gatherings about the mysteries of the Orient.

In reality, the harem was the private sphere of women in an imperial court, and was a highly political place. Quite a few powerful women who started out as slaves in the harem but ended up ruling empires through the work of their own wits, their alliances, their education, their skill at political intrigue, and, sure, their beauty.

Ads

http://Say goodbye to unnecessary subscription

When Khayzuran was brought to the palace at Baghdad, her impoverished family came with her, and their fate would be altered beyond their wildest imaginings.

Khayzuran became the wife of al-Mahdi, and manoeuvred their sons to be named his heirs in spite of an earlier marriage. As the wife of the caliph, Khayzuran was an active and public face of state affairs, and arranged excellent positions in government for her much-elevated family.

When al-Mahdi died in 785, Khayzuran’s two sons were away from Baghdad, but she acted quickly to assert her family’s claim to power. To quell any unrest in a sudden power vacuum, she disbursed two years of pay to the army. You wouldn’t be interested in a coup if you’d just received two years’ salary, would you?

Khayzuran called back her sons, and arranged for dignitaries and power brokers to swear allegiance to the elder son, al-Hadi.

Unfortunately for all involved, al-Hadi turned out to be a garbage son. (There’s one in every family, and if you don’t know who yours is, it’s you.) He was also jealous of his younger brother, who was obviously and better liked than he. Al-Hadi felt very threatened by his mother, who had cultivated a powerful network of advisers and officials who visited her regularly in the palace. ‘It is not in the power of women to intervene,’ he had the nerve to say to his own mother who birthed him, ‘in matters of sovereignty. Look to your prayers and your prayer beads’.

Well, instead of looking to her prayer beads, Khayzuran may have gotten involved in murdering her son instead. Was it her who did it? Who’s to say! Whoever it was, they may have sent sexy ladies to his bedroom to girlishly smother him with pillows, putting a sexy end to al-Hadi’s rule after just over a year.

It seems that al-Hadi had probably been plotting the deaths of his mother and brother. Once, he sent his mother food with instructions for her to ‘eat it up because it’s sooooo soooo yummy!’ but she fed it to her dog first, who promptly died. So better to get in there first when you’re playing the murdering game, I suppose.

And so Khayzuran’s second son, Harun, came to power. Khayzuran continued managing her own affairs of state just fine, and Harun trusted his mother for advice in matters of policy. He happily divided responsibilities and power with her, and presided over a glorious court.

Source – ‘100 Nasty Women of History’ by Hannah Jewell

 

Ads


Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Foreign

The president who ruled as a bachelor and never marries

Published

on

By


James Buchanan was born on April 23, 1791, in Stony Batter, Pennsylvania… Buchanan presided over the dissolution of the Union. His faith that the legal system would resolve the slavery issue locked him into inaction. Most historians blame Buchanan for hastening the greatest crisis in American history… Died: June 1, 1868.

The Era
Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary, Felix Mendelssohn’s Wedding March, and Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species published (1857, 1858, 1859)
Queen Victoria and Buchanan exchange the first official transatlantic telegraph message (1858)
Radical abolitionist John Brown leads a raid on a federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry; he is apprehended and hanged (1859)
Construction of the Suez Canal begins (1859)

Domestic Policy
At his inauguration, Buchanan made his position clear: states should decide the legality of slavery within their borders. Two days later, the Supreme Court handed down a decision on a slave named Dred Scott, who argued that his residence in a free state made him a free man. The court disagreed, claiming that Scott was a piece of property without the rights of citizenship. One implication of the court’s decision was that slavery could not be excluded from any U.S. territories. Abraham Lincoln’s election in 1860 as an opponent of slavery’s expansion prompted South Carolina and six other states to secede and form the Confederacy while Buchanan was still in office, before Lincoln was even inaugurated. The lame duck Buchanan tried to appease the South to no avail.

Read also

BRIEF HISTORY OF EFON-ALAAYE.

Financial market analyst, Agba Akin, tasks CBN to act quickly on dollar rise

Foreign Affairs
With his hands full at home, Buchanan’s foreign policy was limited to attempts to influence the Americas. Efforts to annex Cuba derailed because the island would surely have entered the Union as a slave state. An American named William Walker was arrested for establishing a dictatorship in Nicaragua but Walker claimed to be acting as Buchanan’s agent and was freed. American ships maneuvered Britain away from claims to American colonies and ground troops massed on Mexico’s northern border. All of these clumsy coercive activities increased international enmity towards the United States.

Presidential Politics
“I had hoped for the nomination in 1844, again in 1848, and even in 1852, but now I would hesitate to take it. Before many years the abolitionists will bring war upon this land. It may come during the next presidential term.” Buchanan’s work as a diplomat had kept him out of the country as the issue of slavery roiled the nation. His clean record and general support for states’ rights as a reflection of the will of the people allowed him to defeat the Republican John Frémont in the 1856 election. Pledged to serve only one term — and eager to vacate the White House before civil war became a reality — Buchanan’s antagonistic relationship with Stephen Douglas split the Democratic Party, allowing the Republican Abraham Lincoln to win handily in 1860.


Continue Reading

History

BRIEF HISTORY OF EFON-ALAAYE.

Published

on

By


About 800 A.D., Odùduwà, the progenitor of the Yorùbá race and civilization established Ifẹ̀ dynasty.
The first was Ife Oodaiye, Ile Owuro (the land of the most ancient days where the dawn was first experienced). Tradition tells us that this Ife ended as a result of a flood. The survivors formed the nucleus of the second Ife, Ife Ooyelagbo (Ife, the city of survivors) this existed until the arrival of elements from the east whose attempt to seize power led to a bloody struggle between the strangers led by Oduduwa and the aboriginies led by Obatala. Oduduwa conquered and founded Ile-Ife (Ife of peace).

Òdúdú-Ọ̀runkú, the grandson of Odùduwà was the progenitor of Ayès of Èfòn. It was said that when Òdúdú-Ọ̀runkú was a little boy, Ọ̀ọ̀ni Ọbalúfòn Ógbógbódirin was fond of him and he often displays his affection towards him by letting him sit on his lap. Consequently, at about 950 A.D., the second Ọ̀ọ̀ni of Ifẹ̀, Ọbalúfòn Ógbógbódirin carved out a territory named Ìráyè, the site of the present town of MODÁKẸ́KẸ́, and made his beloved son, ODÙDÙ Ọ̀RUNKÚN the overlord and the Aláyè of Ìráyè.

Read also

Listen and download Nigeria Before 1999 by Living Soul

Full list of impeached deputy governors since 1999 till date (Pictures)

Whenever Aláyè play host to the Ọ̀ọ̀ni of Ifẹ̀, it is a customary practice for the Aláyè to sit on Ọ̀ọ̀ni’s lap. Similarly, whenever the Ọ̀ọ̀ni of Ifẹ̀ plays host to Aláyè – the Aláyè is not made to follow protocol at the palace of Ọ̀ọ̀ni of Ifẹ̀, he is given a free rein.

The fondness Ọ̀ọ̀ni extended to Aláyè appears to be a re-enactment of the past when the Aláyè was treated as a favorite child of Ọ̀ọ̀ni ÒGBÓGBÓDIRIN. However, at about 1040 A.D., the AYÈS left Ìráyè in search of larger territory and finally about 1180 A.D., ÌJÌ-È̩MÍGÙN led the AYÈS out of ÌGBÓLÉ-AYÈ and founded È̩FÒN-ALÁAYÈ Kingdom.

According to È̩fòn Tradition, the Kingdom had 12 sub-towns under the dominion of the Aláyè of Èfòn. There are three ruling houses in Efon Alaaye that normally produce the Oba in rotation. The ruling houses and the order of rotation are: – Ogbenuote, Obologun and Asemojo respectively.

Kingmakers are the six high Chiefs who are heads of six Quarters into which the town is divided. The six kingmakers are:-

High Chief Obanla of Aaye Quarter,

High Chief Obaloja of Obalu Quarter,

High Chief Peteko of Isaja Quarter,

High Chief Oisajigan of Ejigan Quarter,

High Chief Alaayo of Emo Quarter,

High Chief Ojubu of Ikagbe Quarter.

 

Ads


Continue Reading

History

THE HISTORY OF OJE MARKET IN THE ANCIENT CITY OF IBADAN

Published

on

By


According to the Gbonka of Ibadan, the market has been there since 1884 during the reign of Oba Oluyole. The name, Oje is derived from a town not far from Ijeru near Ilorin where many people were living in the 1800s. But when war broke out with the Fulani the inhabitants were scattered and from there they migrated to Ibadan.

He continued: “In order to know where these people should stay, they consulted an oracle, which instructed their leader to put all their sacrificial materials in a mortar and continue going round Ibadan Town until he is tired. Thus, the leader obeyed the instruction and when he could no longer carry the heavy load of the mortar and its contents he stopped at Idi Ayunre.

Read also

Listen and download Nigeria Before 1999 by Living Soul

Meet the 1979 Alien character Bolaji Badejo.

Later, they continued and got to a place where they cleared the bush and saw cowry’ shells, lead, and tubers of yam among other things. Shocked to have discovered (Oje) lead, it reminded them of their roots where they came from (Oje not far from Ijeru near Ilorin).

They then named the place after their former place, and called it Oje Market. Today the people who later inhabited Oje Town near Ilorin observe Oje festival every year.

The Oyo, Ilorin, Iseyin, Ogbomoso, Iwo, Offa- Ile and other Yoruba -speaking people later were coming down here to sell their hand-woven clothes. The market then became a meeting point for business transactions of native Yoruba clothings not only in Yoruba land but in Africa as a whole as traders come from Cotonou, Togo, Ghana, among others.”

He said most people who claimed to be Ibadan indigenes are not from Ibadan, “ I can tell you authoritatively that 90per cent of those claiming to be Ibadan are from Oyo, Ilorin, Iseyin, Ogbomoso, Iwo, Offa- Ile and other neighbouring Yoruba- speaking towns. In fact, the first medical doctor in Ibadan, Dr Agbaje is not from Ibadan,” he said authoritatively.

 

Ads


Continue Reading

Trending